How to tune a guitar
Before you learn anything else you should learn how to tune your guitar properly. Keeping your instrument in tune will really make practicing and playing a lot more fun. Though there are great guitar tuners out there at a reasonable price, I strongly suggest that you learn how to tune your guitar manually first.
Let's take a look at the standard tuning of a guitar. The open strings, from the thickest to the thinnest, are named E,A,D,G,B,E. The first thing you should do is to tune the thickest string, the low E-string. Here is an E that you can use: PRESS HERE. Tune your low E-string as accurately as possible to this note, by turning the tuning peg.
When you've tuned your E-string, it's time to get the other 5 strings in tune as well. The next string to tune will be the A-string. To get an A to tune this string to, you need to play that note on the E-string, which is now in tune. To play the note A on the E-string, place your finger on the 5th fret. Pick that note and then play the A-string and tune it untill the two sound the same. Then you do the same thing with the next string, the D-string. This means you play the note D on the 5th fret of the A-string and tune your D-string to that note. Next you play the note G on the 5th fret of the D-string and tune your G-string to it.
The next one is different. To play the note B on the G-string, you need to put your finger on the 4th fret. You will learn why a little later. The thin E-string will be tuned just like the first ones. You play the note E on the 5th fret of the B-string and tune your thin E-string untill the two sound the same.
That's it! What you should do now is to play a chord or two, to see how it sounds. If it still doesn't sound good, you will have to adjust it a little bit, perhaps do the same procedure one more time. Remember, if you have new strings on your guitar, they will get out of tune very easily untill they are stuck. It can also be difficult to tune the guitar if the strings are to old.
It's important to learn how to tune the guitar manually, but very often I use a guitar tuner. This makes tuning faster and maybe even more exact. You can get a good one for around 20-30$. Well now that your guitar is in tune, let's move on to the next lesson!